The Law Commission of India time & again recommended for establishment of judicial academies at the National and at State levels, for training of the judicial officers. In All India Judges' Association case [WP(C) No.1022/89, decided on March 21, 2002- AIR], Hon'ble Supreme Court also accepted recommendations of the First National Judicial Pay Commission, headed by Hon'ble Mr Justice Shetty, for the establishment of State Judicial Academies, as per the direction given in the above case in November, 1991 [AIR 1992 SC 165]
Prior to it, most of the States haad established the judicial academies and the Academies of Lucknow, Bangalore and Hyderabad had made marking in imparting training to the judicial officers. The National Judicial Academy has also been established at Bhopal, with Hon'ble Chief Justice of India as its Chairman.
In Rajasthan, judicial academy was constituted and established in the name of School of Judicial Administration & Rajasthan Judicial Academy (S.J.A.R.J.A.). Considering suggestions made by the then Vice Chancellor of National Law University, Jodhpur, the then Hon'ble Chief Justice Dr AR. Lakshmanan vide his order dated November 16, 2001, constituted the S.J.A.R.J.A. as follows:
|Patron in Chief||:||The Chief Justice of Rajasthan High Court|
|Patron||:||All the Hon'ble Judges of the Rajasthan High Court|
Executive Committee :
|(i)||Chairman||:||Hon'ble Mr. Justice M.R. Calla|
|(ii)||Vice Chairman||:||Prof. N.L. Mitra, VC, NLU, Ju|
|(iii)||Member||:||Hon'ble Mr. Justice N.N. Mathur|
|(iv)||Member||:||Justice Somasekhar |
Director of the SJARJA
|(v)||Member||:||Registrar General, RHC|
After retirement of first Chairman- Hon'ble Mr Justice M.R. Calla, Hon'ble Mr Justice Rajesh Balia was nominated as Chairman vide order dated 27th March, 2003 issued by Hon'ble Chief Justice. The Vice-Chairman - Prof. N.L. Mitra left National Law University on 05.09.04 while one of the Members- Hon'ble Mr Justice Somasekhar, who was nominated Director, SJARJA, also left on ....... .
The main functions assigned to the Governing Council were to take policy decision and to provide guidelines for functioning of Academy. Executive Committee was to execute decisions of the Governing Council and was to look after functional aspects of the Academy.
Vide order dated 10.07.2007, Hon'ble Mr Justice R.M. Lodha and Hon'ble Mr Justice Govind Mathur were nominated as Vice-Chairman and member of the Governing Council respectively. Upon elevation of Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.M. Lodha as Hon'ble Chief Justice of Patna High Court, Hon'ble Mr. Justice Govind Mathur, Vice-Chairman looked after the work of Chairman. Thereafter, the Governing Council was re-constituted vide letter no. 53 dated 03.03.2009 of Hon'ble Raj. High Court. The newly constituted Governing Council was as follows :-
|Chief Patron||-||Hon'ble Chief Justice |
Hon'ble Administrative Judge
|Hon'ble Chairman||-||Hon'ble Mr. Justice P.C. Tatia|
|Member||-||Hon'ble Mr. Justice Mohd. Rafiq |
Hon'ble Mr. Justice M.N. Bhandari
|Member Secretary |
|-||Mr. S.N.P. Dave, Director, RSJA|
|Member||-||Mr. Kailash Joshi, Registrar Genral,RHC |
Mr. Ratan Lahoti, Registrar, NLU
At the time of establishment of the Academy, Bungalow No.C-7 (Lal Kothi) was allotted vide order dated 23rd November, 2001 by Hon'ble Chief Justice with a view to run temporarily office of S.J.A.R.J.A.. The outlines etc. for imparting training in different batches were to be prepared by the academic wing of S.J.A.R.J.A. i.e. National Law University. However, Governing Council of the Academy in its meeting held on 24th January, 2007 revised the nature of the Academy and it was decided with the consensus not to carry in future the concept of Joint Venture as the Academy was to function in conformity with the judgment of Hon'ble Supreme Court in All India Judges' Association Case. The Governing Council RESOLVED:
The name of the Academy shall henceforth appear as "Rajasthan State Judicial Academy", in conformity with judgment of Hon'ble Supreme Court.
Now, the Academy exists as an academic wing of Hon'ble High Court of the State, for the training & continuing judicial education of judicial officers as well as for the staff/officials of the State judiciary.
The initial organizational pattern of the Academy was two-fold: First- the academic curriculum part was envisaged to be taken care of by the National Law University and second- the administrative & financial control & management was to be supervised by Hon'ble Rajasthan High Court.
However, no progress as regards preparing course curriculum could take place in spell of initial two years. When institutional induction training was imparted to fresh appointee RJS Officers, Academy could not succeed in procuring hostel accommodation in NLU for the trainee officers hence, this part of training was arranged at HCM-RIPA, Jaipur. The other activities of Academy were to conduct quarterly workshops apart from publication of journal of the Academy. Nonetheless, the Joint Venture character continue and came to an end vide resolution of the Governing Council dated 24th January, 2007.
State Government was requested in the month of August, 2002, to provide regular budget for infrastructure facilities as well as administrative set up of the Academy but the only post which was sanctioned in October 2003 was of Director and the other supporting staff was partially sanctioned with limited infrastructure in February, 2004. The nomenclature of O.S.D. was later on changed and converted into Director vide order dated 24.03.2004.
The main aim and object of Rajasthan State Judicial Academy is to undertake continuous Judicial learning in the State which is being achieved by imparting induction training to the newly recruited members of the Judicial Service and Higher Judicial Service in the State of Rajasthan as well as in-service training to the judicial officers of the State, by enriching their knowledge in different fields of law and improve their skills & behaviour. The motto of the Academy is "Achieve Perfection by unattached action".
After receipt of budget, the Academy started organizing quarterly refresher courses at 20 District Headquarters (by clubbing small judgeships out of 33). These refreshers courses were and are being supervised by Hon'ble Judge of the High Court and topics are being allotted by the Academy, with the approval of Hon'ble Governing Council.
So far, two months' Induction training to 80 newly recruited Judicial Officers, appointed by the State Government in the month of January, 2005, was conducted by the Academy at H.C.M. Rajasthan State Institute of Public Administration, Jaipur [from 12th February, 2005 to 09th April, 2005]; due to non availability of adequate infrastructure & independent building of the Academy. Thereafter, they were sent for Practical Training under the supervision of respective District Judges of the State, for about 05 months.
In compliance of direction given on 08.08.2005 by Hon'ble Supreme Court in All India Judges' Association case, the State Government sanctioned budget of Rs.40.50 Lacs and these 80 trainee judicial officers were sent for remaining part of their Induction Training to the I.J.T.R., Lucknow (UP) from 26th September, 2005 to 28th January, 2006.
After that, induction training to the second batch of RJS was given as per programme given below :-
- Induction training (10.03.08 to 09.07.08 at A.F.R.I., Jodhpur)
- Field training (10.07.08 to 09.01.09 at various district headquarter under the supervision of the respective District & Sessions Judges.)
- Third phase foundation training (12.01.09 to 09.03.09 at A.F.R.I., Jodhpur)
Management / Staff:
Presently, the Academy has been provided with following staff:
|Addl. Director (Admn.)(RHJS)||:||01|
|Addl. Director (Acad.)(RHJS)||:||01|
|Dy. Director (Admn.) (RJS)||:||01|
|Dy. Director (Acad.) (RJS)||:||01|
|Sr. PA to Director||:||01|
|Guest House Manager||:||01|
|Judicial Asst. (UDC)||:||04|
|Data Entry Operator||:||02|
|Class - IV||:||18|
At present Sh. Praveer Bhatnagar as Director, Sh. Madhu Sudan Mishra as Addl. Director (Acad.), Dr. Chetna as Addl. Director (Admn.), Smt. Seema Mewara as Dy. Director (Admn.) and Sh. Mohd. Asif Ansari as Dy. Director (Acad.) are posted.
The Academy, being academic wing of the High Court and administrative & financial control vesting in Hon'ble High Court; has adopted the administrative calendar of Hon'ble Rajasthan High Court for its staff.
The Academy has decided to publish Journal and six issues of the same have been published. An editorial board has also been constituted for this purpose.
The primary requirement of the Academy is construction of its building and raising necessary infrastructure. The State Govt. has allotted near Jhalamand Circle, Jodhpur 80 bighas land bearing khasara no. 677. Since it is adjacent to DVOR, the competent authority has been requested to grant NOC. The nature of land has been converted in to "land for institutional purposes". JDA, Jodhpur has issued permission to raised construction over the land and State Goverment has announced a provision of Rs. 15 crores for construction of building which will include Class Rooms, Conference Hall, Auditorium, Library, Hostel, Administrative Block, Guest House and residential accommodation etc. Some provision in 13 Financial Commission is also being made.
The layout plan prepared by the Chief Architect, P.W.D. has been approved by the Hon'ble Governing Council in its meeting dated 14.07.2009. Presently the Academy building is under construction.